Safe and Poisonous Plants

Compiled by Susanne Russo

Plants suitable for use in aviaries
Safe plants for birds
Poisonous plants for birds

The following is from Appendix 7 (pg. 667-8) Plants Suitable for Use In Aviaries Developed for South Florida Aviaries by George Staples

Suggested Landscape Plants

Common Name, Scientific Name, and Comments

Acacia………Acacia sp……Prickly shrub, nesting sites
Areca Palm…Chrysalidocarpus lutescens…Young plants good foliage, background
Bouganvillia…bouganvillia sp…….Prickly plants for shelter, nesting, colorful blooms in full sun
Ceriman, monstera…Monstera deliciosa…….Large split-leaf philodendron
Cycads…..Cycas sp., Zamia sp….foliage, ground cover
Fan palm……..Livistona chinensis……….Foliage, shade tolerant, small size
Fig, creeping…Ficus pumila…..Covers wall, stone, wood, as background
Fig, fiddle-leaf…Ficus lyrata……….Foliage plant, small size for a fig
Fig, laural-leaf…Ficus microcarpa……Dense foliage, requires trimming
Fig, weeping…..Ficus benjamina…..Trailing foliage, requires pruning
Firethorn…………Pyracantha sp……………Dense foliage, edible berries, nest sites, likes full sun, requires trimming
Lady palm…..Rhapis excelsa…….Forms clumps, small size, shade tolerant
Natal palm….Carissa sp…….Forms a natural hedge, thorns, edible fruit
Philodendron, self-heading….Philodendron selloum….Tropical foliage, like sun
Philodendron, split-leaf…Philodendron pertusum….Tropical foliage, shade
Pittosporum…….Pittosporum tobira….Evergreen shrub, like sun, dense growth
Shrubby yew……Podocarpus sp……Evergreen, trim for compact growth
Silk oak…Grevillea robusta….Tree, requires pruning to maintain size
Strawberry guava..Psidium cattleianum….Evergreen shrub, edible fruit, sun
Umbrella tree, schefflera…..Brassaia actinophylla….Evergreen, requires pruning, edible fruit
Trees Providing Suitable Perches Australian pine………Casuarina sp…….brittle when green, dries like iron
Guava……Psidium guava…..
Florida holly, Brazilian pepper….Schinus terebinthifolius….Berries edibble, beware of herbicides
Hibiscus tree, Mahoe……Hibiscus tiliaceus…..Flowers and seeds edible
Melaleuca, Paper bark tree…….. Melaleuca quinquenervia….Soft wood, spongy bark, edible flowers
Oak…..Quercus sp……….Hard wood
Seagrape……Cocoloba…..Wood not readily chewed, edible fruit
Flowering Plants that Produce Nectar or Attract Insects Flame vine…….Pyrostegiaignea…Abundant nectar, large vine
Geiger tree…..Cordia sebestena…..Small, slow growing tree, sun
Ixora……..Ixora coccinea…..Abundant nectar, berries, good hedge
Lantana……..Lantana sp….Nectar, insects drawn to plant, edible berries
Orange jasamine..Murraya paniculata……flowers attract insects, edible berries, good hedge or speciman plant Orchid tree…..Bauhinia sp….Deciduous, nectar, attracts humingbbirds
Melaleuca……..Melaleuca quinquenervia……Edible blossoms, insects drawn to tree
Hibiscus tree, mahoe… Hibiscus tiliaceus…..Edible flowers and seeds, insects
Bromeliads….(Aechmea sp) (Guzmania sp) (neoregelia sp)……”Tank” in center of plant attracts insects
South Florida Plants that Produce Edible Products Asparagus fern, sprengeri…….Asparagus densiflorus……Red berries, also foliage eaten by birds
Barbados cherry, acerola………Malpighia glabra……Red berries, high in vitamin C
Singapore holly……..Malapighia coccigera…….Red berries, high in vitamin C
Elderberry…….Sambucus simpsoni………Edible berries, wild, attracts insects
Firethorn……….Pyracantha coccinea……..Edible waxy berries
Florida holly….Schinus terebinthifolius…..Wild plant, edible berries and twigs
Mulberry………Morus nigra, M. rubra……Excellent berries in the spring
Orange jessamine…..Murraya paniculata…….Berries, insects, bears fruit several times a year
Strawberry tree…Muntingia calabura…..Excellent berries year round, insects
Surinam cherry…..Eugenia uniflora…..Fruit, good hedge plant
West Indies almond…Terminalia catappa…Corky fruit with edible kernal, drift seeds rom beach make a good parrot toy.

Safe Plants for Birds  Common Name Botanical Name Use/Brief Description

Climbing Rose Rosa Climber-a rose is a rose.
Lavender Trumpet Vine Clytostoma Vine-Deep green foliage, lavender flower.
Scarlet Trumpet Vine Distictis Vine-medium green foliage, scarlet flower.
Pampas Grass Cortaderia Grass-large grassy plant with plumes.
Bamboo Bambusa Grassy looking plant.
Fountain Grass Pennisetum Grass-small delicate grass with plumes.
Leyland Cypress Cupressocyparis Tree-fast growing tree can be topped to stop.
Arborvitea Thuja Shrub-medium growing, very attractive shrub
Myoporum Myoporum Shrub or small tree fast growing.
Laurel (Bay) Laurus Shrub or small tree, deep green leaf plus Bay leaves for the home use.
Butterfly Bush Buddleia Shrub-large bush with beautiful lilac like flowers.
Bayberry Berberis Shrub-dark green or red small leaves with red fruit.

Good Landscaping Plants for the Aviary

13. California Lilac Ceanothus Shrub-California native with blue lilac like flowers.
Lavender Lavendula Herb-small bush with very aromatic foliage with blue flowers.
Pine Pinus Tree-a pine is a pine.
Bermuda common hybrid Cynodon Lawn-thick low growing grass.
Fescue Festuca Lawn-tall, wide bladed deep rooted grass.
Spider Plant Chlorophytum Ground covering grassy looking plant with runners which start more plants.
Juniper Juniperus Shrub-low growing plant of many varieties.
Asparagus Fern Asparagus Ground covering plant of many varieties.

Plants for the Aviary That Birds Like Common Name Botanical Name Type and Attractant

Strawberry Tree rbutus Tree/Fruit
Loquat Eriobotrya Tree/Fruit
Fig (Edible) Ficus Tree/Fruit
Crabapple Malus Tree/Fruit
Mulberry Morus Tree/Fruit
Persimmon Diospyros Tree/Fruit
Plum Prunus Tree/Fruit
Pepper Tree Schinus Tree/Fruit
Natal Plum Carissa Shrub/Fruit
Silverberry Bush Elaeagnus Shrub/Fruit
Blackberry Rubus Vine Bush/Fruit
Red lusterberry Cotoneaster Shrub/Berries
Grape Vitis Vine-Fruit 34. Holly Ilex Shrub/Berry
Oregon Grape Mahonia Shrub/Berries
Photinia Photinia Shrub/Berries
Firethorn Pyracantha Shrub/Berries
Currant Ribes Shrub/Fruit
Viburnum Viburnum Shrub/Fruit
Rosemary Rosmarinus Shrub/Seeds
Honeysuckle Lonicera Vine/Seeds
California Holly Heteromeles Shrub/Fruit
Elderberry Sambucus Shrub/Berries

Plants NOT To Be Used In Or NEAR The Aviary Common Name Botanical Name Poisonous Part(s)

Arrowhead Vine Sagittaria All Parts
Azalea Rhododendron All Parts
Buckeye Aesculus Leaves, Flowers Sprouts, Nuts
Mexican Primrose Oenothera All Parts
Bleeding Heart Dicentra All Part
Bird of Paradise Strelitzia All Parts
Black Locust Tree Robinia Bark, Leaves, Seeds
Carolina Jessamine Gelsemium All Parts
Castor Bean Ricinus Seed
Caladium Caladium All Parts
Calla Lily Zantedeschia Leaves, Rhizome
Creeping Charlie Pilea All Parts
Crocus Crocus Bulb
Cherry Tree Prunus Bark, Leaves, Seeds
Daffodil Narcissus Bulb
Daphne Daphne All Parts
Donkey Tail Sedum All Parts
Dumb Cane Dieffenbachia Sap
Eggplant Solanum All Parts but Fruit
Elephants Ear Colocasia All Parts
Four O’Clock Mirabilis Roots and Seeds
Foxglove Digitalis Leaves
Hen and Chicks Echeveria All Parts
Hyacinth Hyacinth Bulb
Hydrangea Hydrangea Leaves and Buds
Iris Iris Rhizome, Flower, Stalk, Leaves
Ivy Hedera All Parts *
Japanese Yew Taxus All Parts
Jerusalem Cherry Solanum Leaves, Green Fruit
Jimsom Weed Datura All Parts
Lantana Lantana Green Berries
Lobelia Lobelia All Parts
Morning Glory Ipomoea Seeds
Morning Glory Shrub Convolvulus Seeds
Nightshade Solanum All Parts
Oleander Nerium All Parts
Pothos Epipremnum All Parts
Philadendron Monstera Leave
Poison Oak Rhus Sap from All Parts
Poinsettia Euphorbia Sap
Pokeweed Phytolacca All Parts
Privet Ligustrum Leaves, Berries
Rananculus Rananculus Leaves
Rhubarb Rheum Leaves 88. Sedum Sedum All Parts
Sweet Pea Lathyrus Seed
Tansy Tanacetum Leaves, Flower Heads
Tobacco Treet Nicotiana All Parts
Tulip Tulipa Bulb 9
Umbrella Plant Cyperus All Parts
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus Berries
Wild Tobacco Nicotiana All Parts
Wisteria Wisteria Seeds, Pods
Yellow Oleander Thevetia All Parts

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